Dentistry: Group Practice vs. Solo Practice

One of the biggest decisions a dentist will make is choosing between a group practice or a solo practice. Often, it’s a subject of confusion among dentists as both options have their own pros and cons. If you’re faced with this dilemma, don’t worry! We’ll discuss these two dentistry models in detail so you can make a sound decision on your next career move.

What is a group practice in dentistry?

A group practice in dentistry refers to a healthcare setup where multiple dentists and dental professionals work together under a single roof to provide comprehensive oral healthcare services to patients.

This collaborative approach allows patients to access a wide range of dental treatments and expertise in one location. Group dental practices can vary in size, ranging from small partnerships of two or more dentists to larger clinics with several practitioners, specialists, and support staff.

From a business perspective, group dental practices can be financially advantageous for dentists. They can pool resources, share overhead costs, and negotiate better deals with suppliers and insurers, potentially leading to increased profitability. This arrangement also allows dentists to focus more on patient care while administrative tasks are shared among the team.

However, it’s important to note that the structure and management of group dental practices can vary. Some may be owned and operated by a single entity, while others may involve a partnership of dentists who jointly manage the practice.

The dynamics within the group can also vary, as some practitioners may choose to work independently, while others collaborate closely on patient care.

What are the pros and cons of group practice?

Group dental practices, like any healthcare model, have their own set of advantages and disadvantages. Here, we’ll explore the pros and cons of group practice in dentistry:


  • Comprehensive care: One of the primary advantages of group dental practices is the ability to offer comprehensive care. With multiple dentists and specialists under one roof, patients can access a wide range of dental services, from routine check-ups and cleanings to specialized treatments like orthodontics or oral surgery. This can lead to more convenient and efficient care for patients.
  • Collaborative expertise: Group practices promote collaboration among dental professionals. Dentists and specialists can consult with one another, share knowledge, and develop treatment plans that address complex dental issues more effectively. This collaborative approach can lead to better patient outcomes.
  • Convenience: Group dental practices often have extended hours and flexible scheduling options, making it easier for patients to find appointment times that fit their busy schedules. This can improve patient satisfaction and accessibility to care.
  • Cost savings: Dentists in group practices can share overhead costs, which can lead to cost savings compared to solo practitioners. This can be advantageous from a business perspective and may result in more competitive pricing for patients.
  • Modern technology: Larger group practices often invest in advanced dental technologies and equipment, which can improve the quality of care and patient comfort. Patients may benefit from the latest advancements in dental treatments.


  • Less personalized care: In some larger group practices, patients might experience less personalized care compared to smaller, independent dental offices. The relationship between dentist and patient may be less intimate, which can be a drawback for those who value a strong patient-provider relationship.
  • Longer wait times: While group practices aim to provide convenience, the high patient volume can sometimes lead to longer wait times, reducing the overall patient experience. Patients may have to wait longer for appointments or in the waiting room.
  • Variability in quality: The quality of care can vary within a group practice, as not all dentists or specialists may have the same level of expertise or experience. Patients might receive care from different practitioners during visits, which can lead to inconsistency in treatment approaches.
  • Administrative complexity: Managing a group practice can be administratively complex. Coordinating schedules, patient records, and the needs of multiple providers can be challenging. This complexity can sometimes result in administrative issues that affect patient care.
  • Potential for conflicts: In group practices with multiple partners or owners, conflicts can arise over decision-making, finances, and practice management. These conflicts can disrupt the smooth operation of the practice and impact patient care.

What is a solo practice in dentistry?

A solo practice in dentistry refers to a healthcare setup where a single dentist operates and manages their own dental clinic independently. In this model, the dentist is the sole owner and practitioner, responsible for providing all aspects of patient care, administrative tasks, and running the practice.

Solo practitioners are typically responsible for everything from diagnosing and treating dental conditions to managing appointments, billing, and maintaining patient records.

One key characteristic of solo dental practices is that they often offer a highly personalized patient experience. Patients tend to build strong relationships with their solo practitioner, as they see the same dentist consistently over time.

This personalized approach can lead to a strong sense of trust and familiarity between the dentist and the patient, which is valued by many individuals seeking dental care. In addition, solo practitioners have full autonomy and control over their practice, allowing them to set their own treatment philosophies, office policies, and fee structures.

They can tailor their services to the specific needs of their patient base and maintain a practice culture that aligns with their values and priorities.

What are the pros and cons of a solo practice?

While a solo practice might seem like the ideal route for most dentists, there are a couple of things to consider to ensure you make the right choice for your career. The pros and cons are:


  • Personalized care: One of the primary advantages of a solo practice is the highly personalized care patients receive. Patients tend to build strong, trust-based relationships with their dentist, as they see the same provider consistently over time. This familiarity can lead to a more tailored and patient-centric approach to treatment.
  • Autonomy: Solo practitioners have complete autonomy over their practice. They can make decisions regarding treatment philosophies, office policies, and fee structures without needing to consult with partners or shareholders. This independence allows them to create a practice that aligns with their values and priorities.
  • Direct communication: Patients often have direct access to their dentist in solo practices. This can enhance communication and the ability to address questions or concerns promptly, fostering a sense of trust and confidence in the dentist-patient relationship.
  • Practice flexibility: Solo practitioners have the flexibility to adapt quickly to changing circumstances and patient needs. They can make decisions without the need for consensus from other practitioners, which can be advantageous in certain situations.
  • Practice ownership: Dentists in solo practices retain full ownership of their clinic, which means they benefit directly from the financial success of the practice. They have control over financial decisions and can potentially enjoy higher profits if the practice thrives.


  • Limited availability: Solo practitioners can only see a limited number of patients in a day, leading to potential challenges with appointment availability and longer wait times for patients. This limitation can be especially problematic in high-demand areas.
  • Limited specialization: Solo dentists may not offer specialized dental services or treatments, as they have a general dental education and skill set. Patients requiring specialized care may need to seek treatment from other dental specialists, which can be less convenient.
  • Resource constraints: Solo practitioners may face challenges in staying up-to-date with the latest dental technologies and treatment methods. They may have limited resources for investing in expensive equipment and continuing education compared to larger group practices.
  • Administrative burden: Dentists in solo practices are responsible for all administrative tasks, including managing appointments, billing, and patient records. This can be time-consuming and take away from the time available for patient care.
  • Absence coverage: In solo practices, if the dentist needs to take time off due to illness or other reasons, there may be challenges in providing continuity of care for patients. This can be a concern for both the dentist and the patients.

Choosing between group practice and solo practice

The choice between a group practice and a solo practice in dentistry should be based on a careful assessment of your personal preferences, financial goals, patient demographics, clinical skills, administrative capabilities, and local regulations. It’s essential to weigh the pros and cons of each model and align your decision with your long-term career aspirations and the best interests of your patients.

Remember that both practice models can be successful if well-executed, and your commitment to providing excellent dental care should remain a top priority regardless of your chosen practice type.

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