Common Myths Surrounding Root Canal Treatments

If there’s one dental procedure that strikes fear into the hearts of most patients, it’s most definitely the root canal. You’ve probably heard horror stories of dental drills causing extreme pain and inflamed gums that never seem to heal.

But, do these tales really paint the truth about what happens in a root canal treatment? Or are they just a byproduct of myths and misconceptions? The purpose of this article is to address these myths and provide readers with factual information about root canal treatments.

Let’s tackle the most common myths surrounding root canal treatments and help you make informed decisions about maintaining your oral health by reading this blog post!

What is a root canal treatment?

Before we get started, let’s discuss what a root canal treatment really is. A root canal treatment (also known as endodontic treatment) is a dental procedure used to repair and save a severely damaged or infected tooth. The treatment focuses on the inner part of the tooth, known as the pulp, which contains nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissue.

The need for a root canal arises when the pulp becomes inflamed or infected due to various reasons, such as deep decay, repeated dental procedures on the tooth, cracks or chips in the tooth, or trauma. If left untreated, the infection can spread, leading to severe pain, abscess formation, and potential tooth loss.

During a root canal procedure, the dentist or endodontist (a specialist in treating dental pulp) removes the infected or damaged pulp from the tooth’s interior. From there, the dentist cleans and disinfects the pulp before placing a permanent filling inside. The tooth is then sealed to keep bacteria from contaminating the area, thus preventing infection.

What are the common myths surrounding root canal treatments?

Now let’s get to the interesting part; addressing the myths involving root canal treatments. 

Myth 1: Root canal treatments are extremely painful

Many people believe that root canal treatments cause extreme pain and discomfort, thus leading to dental fear. This misconception may stem from stories or outdated experiences with dental procedures. However, with advancements in dental technology and anesthesia, root canal treatments are now relatively painless.

In modern dentistry, dentists use local anesthesia to numb the area around the affected tooth during the procedure. This ensures that patients feel minimal discomfort or pain. Additionally, dentists are skilled in performing the procedure efficiently and effectively, further reducing any potential discomfort.

Myth 2: Root canals cause infections

There is a long-standing myth that root canal treatments can cause tooth infections and other oral health problems. This belief originated from poorly conducted research from the early 20th century, which has since been debunked and discredited.

Numerous scientific studies have proven that there is no connection between root canal treatments and tooth infections In fact, root canal treatments aim to remove infected pulp, preventing the spread of bacteria and infection to other parts of the body. Therefore, root canal treatments are safe and essential for maintaining overall health.

Myth 3: Tooth extraction is better than a root canal

Some individuals believe that having a tooth extracted is a better alternative to undergoing a root canal treatment. This misconception may be rooted in the fear of the procedure or a misunderstanding of its benefits.

In reality, preserving natural teeth through root canal treatments is preferable whenever possible. Tooth extraction can lead to a series of additional oral health issues, such as misalignment of surrounding teeth, difficulty chewing, and bone loss in the jaw. Root canal treatments save the natural tooth, preventing the need for more invasive and costly procedures like dental implants or bridges.

Myth 4: Root canals are time-consuming

Another myth surrounding root canal treatments is that they are time-consuming and require multiple visits to the dentist. While the complexity of the procedure may vary depending on the severity of the infection, advancements in dental technology have streamlined the process.

In many cases, root canal treatments can be completed in a single visit. However, certain situations may require additional appointments to ensure the success of the treatment. Dentists work efficiently to minimize the number of visits required, making root canal treatments a time-effective solution for dental issues.

Myth 5: Root canal treatments weaken the tooth

There is a misconception that teeth treated with root canal procedures become more susceptible to fractures. In reality, root canal treatments strengthen the tooth by removing infected pulp and filling the root canal with a biocompatible material called gutta-percha.

After a root canal treatment, the tooth is usually covered with a dental crown, providing additional protection and support. With proper oral hygiene and regular dental check-ups, root canal-treated teeth can last a lifetime without an increased risk of fractures.

Myth 6: Root canals are only for severely damaged teeth

Some individuals believe that root canal treatments are only necessary for severely damaged or infected teeth. However, root canal treatments are also performed in cases of deep cavities, abscesses, or when the pulp inside the tooth becomes inflamed. You can have healthy-looking teeth on the outside, but if bacteria manages to infect the pulp through a small cavity, you’ll need to undergo a root canal treatment to remove the infection.

Root canal treatments aim to save and restore the tooth’s functionality and appearance, regardless of the level of damage. Addressing dental issues promptly with a root canal treatment can prevent the need for more extensive and costly dental procedures in the future.

When should you get a root canal treatment?

A root canal treatment is recommended when the soft inner part of the tooth, known as the pulp, becomes infected or inflamed. This can occur due to various reasons, such as deep decay, repeated dental procedures on the same tooth, or trauma to the tooth. Here are some signs that indicate you may need a root canal:

  • Persistent or severe tooth pain: If you experience intense or lingering pain in a tooth, especially when biting down or applying pressure, it could be a sign of pulp inflammation or infection.
  • Sensitivity to hot and cold: Heightened sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures, even after the stimulus is removed, may indicate a problem with the tooth’s pulp.
  • Gum swelling and tenderness: Infections in the tooth’s pulp can lead to swelling and tenderness in the surrounding gums.
  • Discoloration of the tooth: A tooth that has darkened or changed color compared to neighboring teeth might indicate pulp damage.
  • Prolonged sensitivity to sweets: If you feel discomfort or pain when consuming sugary foods or beverages, it could be a sign of pulp inflammation.
  • Abscess formation: A pimple-like bump on the gums, accompanied by drainage of pus or a bad taste in the mouth, indicates a possible infection in the root of the tooth.

If you experience any of these symptoms, it’s essential to visit your dentist as soon as possible. They will conduct a thorough examination, possibly take X-rays, and determine if a root canal treatment is necessary to save the tooth and prevent the infection from spreading further.

Early intervention can increase the chances of a successful outcome and prevent the need for tooth extraction. Always consult a dental professional for proper diagnosis and treatment recommendations.


Root canal treatment is a very safe and important procedure with a success rate of 92.6%. By debunking the common misconceptions and providing accurate information, you can make an informed choice on maintaining the overall health of your teeth.

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